ZIL-131 - the legend of the car industry
ZIL-131 - a car with a military bearing
People of the older generation who passedmilitary service in the ranks of the Soviet Army, well remember and know what this truck is. After all, a significant part of these machines was produced specifically for military needs, which naturally affected their technical characteristics.
Production on an industrial scale was established in1966 th year. Then, after the adoption in 1959 of 21 extraordinary congress of the CPSU of the next seven-year plan, there was a tendency for the domestic automotive industry to lag behind the automotive industry of the West. Therefore, to develop a new machine with an increased cross-country index, considerable forces and means were thrown.
The new truck was so liked by the military that histhe release ended in 1986. However, he gave impetus to the development of a rich "offspring", based on the modifications of this car was built a huge number of different models.
As the engine was chosen tested forthe previous car ZIL-130 petrol V-shaped "eight" (8-cidindrovaya). However, the engineers made a useful change to it - a pre-heater was installed, which accelerated the launch of the power unit in cold ambient temperatures.
Practically anew the chassis. ZIL-131 received three axles, all leading. However, the designers constantly made only the two rear ones, the front one is switched on automatically or forced by means of an electric actuator.
Transmission of the torque from the engine to the 5-speed manual gearbox provides a mechanism for dry single-plate clutch.
To facilitate the work of the driver in difficult driving conditions, the car is powered by a power steering. The brake system is pneumatic.
A well-proven suspension. Its basis is semi-elliptic springs, the hydraulic shock absorbers help them to smooth out the fluctuations. At ZIL-131 the suspension system for years of operation of cars has deserved many positive responses.
A reliable assistant soldier ...
On the basis of the chassis ZIL-131 was built setmodifications. For example, multiple rocket fire systems, marching repair shops or barrels with fuel were installed. Tankers especially liked the air force, so at each airport there were these cars.
In addition to the Soviet Union, this model operated on the territory of many countries in Asia, Africa, and Europe, as a large number of cars were exported.
... and the entrepreneur
After the collapse of the USSR, automobiles began to buy out massively for their needs commercial structures. The trucks were removed from equipment unnecessary for a peaceful person, and they continued to carry a "watch".
To improve the quality and changerequests, fuel prices, many entrepreneurs began to change the factory petrol engine ZIL-131. Diesel has become a more acceptable and desirable option. There are even specialized SRTs engaged in similar work.
A reliable and powerful military "old man" drives briskly on the roads today. And, apparently, it's clearly not going to retire.