When to plant tulips in the fall. Planting and caring for tulips in the open field in the garden.
How many gardeners are engaged in digging up tulip bulbs and putting them in storage? Most often they are left in the ground and do not bother to transplant. But in order to obtain abundant flowering and healthy onion tulips are needed in the fall. This will be a guarantee that in the spring the flowerbeds will turn into flowering carpets.
Tulips planting and care in the open field
First thingneed to choose the right place. Planted tulip bulbs recommended in well-lit areas of the garden. At the same time they should be closed from the cold wind. The wind will break them, and without the sun the stalks will stretch and the bulbs will be small and weak.
Second requirementtouches the ground. The depth of the fertile layer for tulips should be no less than 30 cm. Moreover, it is ideal if the soil is characterized as loam. If the soil is rich in clay, then it needs to be improved.For this purpose, coarse sand, peat and organic fertilizers are required. By the way, peat must be neutralized using chalk or lime.
There are situations when planting tulips in the fall in the suburbs is difficult due to the fact that the soil is completely unsuitable for these plants. Then you need to do this. First dig a trench. Its width and length depend on the size of the flowerbed, but the depth should be at least 30 cm, as indicated above.
The bottom of the trench is supposed to lay drainage material. Its thickness is about 5 cm. After it, you need to pour a nutrient mixture, which is best suited for planting tulips.
Care for tulips in the fall is to cover them for the winter. For this purpose spruce branches will be required. This is especially necessary if tulips are planted in the fall in Siberia. Another moment full care in a timely feeding. During the period of intensive growth to make nitrogenous fertilizer. After this procedure, you will need to feed them in a week with a mixture of nitrogen and potassium sulfate. A week later - only potassium sulfate.
Option to create a spring flower bed with tulips
Planting time of tulips in the fall - when to plant tulips before winter?
These plants need a period of cooling for full development. Therefore, it is necessary to plant tulips in the fall so that they have time to take root before frost. However, they should not germinate.
If time was missed, it is even allowed to land in early December, that is, in the winter. Only then should the flower bed be covered. It is necessary to protect the bulbs from freezing.
Planting tulips in Augustnot recommended because they have time to germinate. And they will have no cooling period. And with the first frost young sprouts will die. Due to the fact that the plants do not have time to go through a whole cycle of growth, planting tulips in the summer is not recommended. It is better to plant the bulbs in early spring.
To understand when to plant tulips in the fall, you need to remember only one rule. The temperature of the soil at a depth of 15 cm should be equal to 10ºС.
Such conditions do not always fall on the same time. The weather in each particular year may be milder or more severe. Therefore, planting tulips in the fall should be based on specific weather. In addition, there is a rule according to which early-flowering plants should be planted 7-10 days earlier than those that will bloom later.
Tall tulip bulbs can be planted along the fence and in the spring to get a blooming hedge until all the other plants are awake.
Tulips planting time in different regions of Russia
A general recommendation is that snow should appear on the ground 3 weeks after the bulbs are planted in the ground. In different parts of our country, these terms differ significantly.
So planting tulips in the fall in the Moscow region lasts a month from mid-September. Of course, you can move it to November, but you need to be sure that severe frosts are not expected in the next three weeks.
As for when planting tulips for the winter in Siberia, here the dates shift a couple of weeks to the earlier side. This is due to the fact that the cold comes here earlier. If someone wants to plant tulips in the Urals, in the fall they should adhere to the same terms that are specified for Siberia. The climate in these regions is similar.
Try planting tulips in containers - this is ideal for Siberia and the Urals.
How to plant tulips before winter?
To begin to group them by grade. So it will be easier to care for them.Then place the largest bulbs in the center, and those that are smaller on the sides. This is necessary so that tall plants do not block the light of those who are weaker.
Then decide the question of how deep the tulips will be planted in the fall in the middle lane. General recommendations are as follows. Planting depth is equal to three bulb heights. So small ones need to be deepened by 6-8 cm, and large ones up to 15.
At what depth you need to plant tulips, daffodils, hyacinths and other bulbous you can look at infographics.
Planting depth of onion flowers in the garden:
In addition, when a tulip transplant is done in the fall, a beautiful flower bed is formed. For this you need to do several rows. The distance between them is left to be about 15 cm. The gaps between the plants should be made within 10-20 cm. The smaller the tulips, the smaller the distances indicated. Otherwise, the flowerbed will seem empty.
Sometimes gardeners living in the suburbs, go on to plant bulbs in flowerpots. Then the intervals between them should be no more than 5 cm.