What is the difference between proverbs and sayings?
Without proverbs and sayings, the Russian language would beless beautiful. People, expressing their thoughts or attitude to something, often use proverbs and proverbs, without thinking about what they differ from each other. Many believe that proverbs and sayings have the same semantic meaning. Let's try to understand what the proverbs differ from sayings.
What is a proverb?
It is customary to call a popular saying, inwhich consists of some wisdom, morality, a certain instruction. It is an independent, fully completed phrase, a truth that has been tested by time. In the proverb, consisting of only one sentence, sounds both an instruction, and a hint, and advice that allows you to make the right decision. In a understandable language, the proverb is a universal utterance, having a simple form and complete character of the expressed thought. The characteristic features of proverbs are the presence of rhythm and rhyme. Proverbs do not have an author, it's folk wisdom. Examples of proverbs: "The tail got out - the nose is stuck, the nose is out - the tail is bogged down"; "Prepare a cart in the winter, and sleighs in the summer."
What is a saying?
A proverb is a special expression that characterizesany life phenomenon, it uses common, common-world words. A proverb is a stable expression that can be expressed with the help of other words. The meaning of the phrase in this case will remain unchanged, only the color of the statement will change. Sayings are just part of the sentence, they make our speech richer and more emotional, are its adornment. In fact, a proverb is part of a phrase, a phrase. Examples of sayings: "As with the goose water"; "Not in the eyebrow, but in the eye."
The difference between proverbs and sayings
So, how do the proverbs differ from the sayings? You can clearly distinguish the following differences between proverbs and sayings:
- The proverb always has an instructive meaning, gives a brief, clear advice. The saying only gives an emotional color to the above.
- The proverb is a logically completed saying, and the proverb is only part of the phrase, the phrase.
- Proverbs have a complex semantic load, fortheir construction uses a variety of structural techniques (parallelisms, rhymes). They often have a rhythm. Sayings are shorter, often part of proverbs or can be grounds for their occurrence.