What is socialization?
Due to the fact that Russian society has enteredto a new stage of its civilization development, the concept of "socialization" has become widely used in everyday life and in the media. So the question about the meaning of this word becomes natural.
Definition of term
What is socialization? Definition of the term "socialization" can be given the following. Socialization is a process that allows a person to acquire skills that will be necessary for him to successfully continue living in a society. Also, the process of socialization involves familiarizing with the customs and traditions of the society in which a person was born and is about to develop. Now let's pay attention to the very process of socialization.
What is the process of socialization?
The process of socialization includes all phases into which human life can be conditionally divided. This is childhood, youth, maturity, old age.
As a child, a person is socialized throughlanguage, those norms and rules that are inculcated in his family. In youth, the process of socialization goes to the level of interpersonal interaction in society. Entering the phase of maturity, the process of socialization for the individual is expressed in responsibility. And in old age, socialization will consist in the need to help the younger generation find their place in society.
Socialization can be divided into several types,each of which is responsible for a certain sphere of human relationships. This is a personal socialization, political socialization, legal and so on.
What is the socialization of the individual?
This kind of socialization is the most difficultpoint of view of the study and the longest, if we talk about the time it takes place. The process of socialization begins almost from the birth of a person and ends with his death. Personal socialization lasts a lifetime, because throughout the life-course a person changes his views, habits, tastes, compromises his principles, acquiring new ones in return.
Such a long process of socializationpersonality is also connected with the fact that a person constantly learns new social roles. At first it's a child - a pupil of a kindergarten. After a while - a pupil of the school, a classmate, a class elder, a football team player and so on. After graduating from school, a person gets more and more social roles: a student, a colleague, a groom, then a husband, a father, a grandfather. The list of social roles can be continued indefinitely. In this example, the whole complexity of the process of socialization of the individual becomes clear.
What is political socialization?
Political socialization is a processthe assimilation of norms and values that are necessary for full-fledged adaptation in the political system in which the individual is at the moment. This kind of socialization as a political, the object of study was not so long ago. For the first time about political socialization they started talking in 1959.
On the process of political socializationthe educational institutions, the family, the media, the propaganda of political parties and the prevailing political situation in the society (for example, democracy, authoritarianism, multi-party system, one-party system, etc.) have an enormous impact.
What is legal socialization?
Passing the process of legal socialization, a person is attached to the social and legal sphere of life. This is compliance with laws, knowledge of their rights and duties, active citizenship and patriotism.
All of the above types of socialization arepart of a single process of socialization. And for the formation of a complete personality, it is necessary to socialize in every sphere of human relationships.