What is assimilation?
The concept of "assimilation" is used in manyfields of science and knowledge - this is a fairly broad term. The word itself has Latin roots and means literally "assimilation", which helps to reveal its etymological meaning.
- In biology and medicine, assimilation meansprocesses of biological synthesis and anabolism in living organisms, as a result and the course of which their composition changes, and these substances participating in assimilation are included in it. This, for example, is a synthesis of high molecular weight: proteins, acids, lipids. Which, of course, can not do without a certain amount of energy costs. It is usually opposed to the process of dissimilation - disintegration.
- In the linguistic context, assimilation meansthe assimilation of one sound (phoneme) to another. It is typical for sounds of one type: vowels with vowels, consonant with consonants. It can be complete, when one of these sounds is completely absorbed, and incomplete - respectively. Usually this process is associated with speech and pronunciation of words.
- In sociological sciences and ethnography, assimilationcan mean the absorption of the distinctive features of one society in favor of features - the more persistent, as it is considered - the other. A peculiar loss of authenticity in the cultural and everyday context. The mixing of tribes is one in favor of the other. It can happen both voluntarily and violently (the second leads to genocide and extermination of national specifications of entire peoples).
For the meaning of other words and their use, see Definitions.