What are the kidney stones?

With nephrolithiasis, you just need to determine the type of kidney stones first. Different types of stones suggest different treatments. The composition is determined by the doctor who prescribes the examination.

Stones in the kidneys. What are these stones?

Calcium stones are the most frequent variant of nephrolithiasis. These stones are not only the most frequent, but also the most harmful, because the treatment succumbs very badly.

Calcium stones are divided into:

Oxalatite stones

Gray color, strong. Very painful, because the acute surface of these parasites easily scratches the mucous membrane. The reason for the formation of oxalates - salts of oxalic acid, namely - chocolate, greens, bakery products and much more. These stones are insoluble, and getting rid of them will only be removed.

This type of disease leads to active use of citrus juices, as well as carrots, beets, tomatoes and vitamin complexes.

Phosphate stones

So, what kidney stones can be removeddissolution? First, it's phosphates. They are softer, and they are easier to crush. The surface has a smooth shape, and therefore less painful sensations from them. Phosphates appear when metabolic disorders occur in the alkaline side. Their characteristic feature is the appearance of light flakes in the urine. These stones are rather loose, and therefore you can try to dissolve them with mineral waters or sour juices.

Uranium stones

Even better dissolve urate stones, which,however, are rare. They are not visible on the x-ray and can only be determined by urinalysis. Usually the cause of urate stones is gout. Diet, mineral water and some medicines quite easily cope with urates.

Struvite stones

Struvite stones, in contrast to the above,are treated with medicines badly. They arise as a result of the attacks of bacteria affecting urea. The effect produces an alkaline reaction and, as a consequence, precipitation of ammonium, magnesium, phosphate carbonates that form these stones.

Often, such stones are treated with lithotripsy of the kidneys, and in especially severe cases - with open surgery.

Cystine stones

Very rarely occur cystine stones - notmore than three cases out of a hundred. The disease leading to cystine stones is called cystinuria. It is a congenital anomaly of metabolism, in which a constant overestimate level of cystine is observed in the urine. The disease is hereditary. These stones are also poorly soluble in water, but they are quite effectively cured by modern medicines.

The above listed stones are most oftenoccur in a person in the kidneys. Knowledge of their chemical composition allows you to assign the right treatment, as well as diet and prevention of this in the future. That which is allowed to be used for food with certain stones, can not be taken with others. Remember this when dieting.

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