To think existentially is to form oneself.
To look at the world, to think, to exist existentially is really a special way of life, or another dust in the eye of an insufficiently educated man in the street?
Any freshman student will tell you thatExistentialism is a rather young (about a hundred years old) philosophical trend, developed first in Germany, then in France, Russia. Over time, it conquered the whole world.
This term in Latin means"Existence". The main idea of the doctrine: a man himself predetermines the meaning of his essence, having already been born. Living, making mistakes and exploits, he creates himself every day through choice. Therefore, the categories of freedom play a huge role, treating it as a combination of opportunity and responsibility at the same time. In this case, a person who thinks existentially is a traveler who is in search of himself, his meaning of life constantly, understanding his daily changing nature.
Coming out of the philosophical cradle, a new trendhas won followers in other spheres of public life. First of all, this concerns pedagogy and psychology. The existential approach in psychology considers any human problem as unique and unique, it avoids the use of classifications and patterns. The main goal is to help comprehend reality and develop its attitude towards it, since it is existential to live free from other people's assessments and opinions, condemnations and approvals.
A new direction has developed in thepedagogy. This was expressed in the allocation of basic knowledge that everyone should possess. Among all the sciences, the most important, inferred existentially, is the science of knowing yourself and outlining a positive path of development and self-improvement. At the same time, education should help in solving essential human problems, such as life and death, freedom and choice, responsibility, communication and loneliness. Inattention to the listed problems can lead a person to a crisis of existence, with which deviant and delinquent behavior, psychological disorders and even suicidal tendencies are associated. In connection with this, a new, existential education strategy is being built, at the center of which is a person and his problems.
Thus, existentialism is a concept,which has already gone beyond the framework of philosophy and which fills various spheres of society's life. Therefore, its use in various everyday situations is fully justified. It becomes clear that an existential person is characterized by the following qualities: is in search of the essence of his life, its meaning and purpose; lays responsibility for himself not only for personal choice, but also for close people; understands that people are connected and influence each other; ready to meet with Nothing, that is, death - this meeting will free him from the path of public opinion and social conventions. Perhaps modern, thinking existentially, a person differs from the heroes of Sartre or Camus, but still the appeal to their works will help fill the philosophical term with new shades, giving it vitality.