Properties of temperament
By temperament means nothing else,as the union of various individual characteristics of the individual. In some cases, it is spoken about when they want to note any individual mental characteristics of people, and also how these features distinguish their owners from all others.
The bottom line is that some people are energetic in themselves,cheerful, sociable, and others - vulnerable, closed and so on. Of course, a lot depends on the conditions in which a person lives, but too much depends on the temperament.
Properties of temperament in psychology
They are not so little. Different psychologists offer some variants of their own. In this article, only the basic properties of temperament will be presented.
First of all, we note the general psychologicalactivity of a person. Its essence lies in the individual's capacity for self-expression, study, and transformation of the world around him. Activity can be lethargic or powerful, tending to constant ascent.
These properties also include motor(motor) complex. With a general psychological activity, he has a direct connection. In this case, the leading role is assigned to the motor and motor apparatus. From the foregoing, one can understand that they manifest themselves in the speech of the individual, movements, his speech tempo, the amplitude of movements, and so on. It is on this property, as a rule, the first impression of the character of a person.
The properties of temperament also includeemotionality. It is a sytocomplex of qualities and properties that characterize how the appear, flow, and stop various affections, moods, feelings. Its main characteristics include emotional lability, impulsiveness, impressionability.
Impressiveness affects the emotionalreceptivity of the individual. From this quality depends sensitivity to various emotional effects, the ability to show their feelings. It has a connection with sensory and emotional sensitivity. Agree, some react absolutely to everything that is happening around, and some do not experience almost any excitement, even when something really serious is happening.
Impulsivity depends on the speed with whichemotions induce us to commit any misconduct. First of all, we are talking about actions that are rash, unexpected, unpredictable. Too high impulsivity can cause some problems.
Emotional lability is also included in the basictemperament properties. It depends on how quickly cease and change emotional states. Figuratively speaking, it depends on it how quickly a person "lights up" and "fades away."
In most cases, the main propertiestemperament include introversion and extraversion - they are associated with the power of nervous processes. These terms also denote the openness of the individual to the world, to other people, the willingness to communicate and so on.
Another property is its reactivity.This term refers to how a person reacts to various stimuli, that is, the intensity of reactions depends on this quality. Individuals in whom low reactivity, with increasing strength of the stimulus, react more and more strongly. Highly reactive people can respond too much to even the weakest stimuli. Psychologists have established a negative relationship between the activity and reactivity of the individual. In highly reactive individuals, one can often observe a decreased energy - their activity is not very intensive. High activity, as a rule, is characteristic only of low-reactive individuals.