Planting turnips and radishes in 2018
Turnip and radish are used all year round to diversify the diet and enrich it with useful substances. These garden crops are great for self-cultivation because they are easy to plant and care for. And if all agrotechnical works are carried out correctly, then the crop ripens quickly and in large quantities. For this, it is necessary to take into account not only the technology of breeding, but also the influence of the moon on plants. In particular, planting turnips and radishes in 2018 should be carried out in accordance with the lunar calendar for this year.
The influence of the moon on plants
The energy impact of a night star on the processes occurring on Earth is manifested most clearly by ebbs and flows in the seas and oceans. Similarly, the moon affects the movement of fluids and energy within plants. This effect depends on the lunar phase:
- The growth of the moon activates the movement of juices in the above-ground part, and the root crop becomes less sensitive to damage. Therefore, weeding is recommended on the growing moon. But for the reproduction of these cultures, this period is not suitable.
- The moon is subsiding accelerates the development of the underground part, the roots begin to develop rapidly and grow. These days are optimal for planting, but undesirable for harvesting.
- New and full moon is not suitable for planting garden crops and performing almost any work on the garden. You can only get rid of weeds and pests.
In addition to the phases of the moon, the planting and development of plants is influenced by its location relative to the signs of the zodiac. Here more complex patterns can be traced. For example, it is impossible to sow roots on the decreasing Moon, but if you do this when it is in Capricorn, then after harvest you can safely send it for long-term storage. And having planted the same plants, when the waning Moon enters the sign of Pisces, the harvested roots cannot be preserved - they will quickly rot.
Such dependencies occurring in the plant world processes from the position of the moon in the sky a great many. All of them are reflected in the lunar sowing calendars of gardeners – gardeners. To obtain high yields, it is necessary to adhere to the recommended dates, but at the same time it is necessary to take into account the climatic conditions and strictly follow the agrotechnology.
Planting calendar of turnip and radish in 2018
The greatest importance in creating the lunar calendar is attached to the stay of the Earth satellite in the signs of the zodiac. This factor usually has a stronger effect on the landing result than the phases of the moon.
Moon in zodiac signs
The impact of zodiacal signs on the work associated with the planting of turnips and radish in 2018, is as follows:
- The moon in Capricorn - planting during this period will give good, but not fast shoots. Slow growth will allow the roots to form correctly, they will not be too large and of very high quality. The turnips and radishes sown these days are suitable for long-term storage.
- The moon in Aquarius is an unfavorable time for sowing. Seed germination will be very low, but ascended plants will have strong roots of ideal shape. During this period, it is recommended to carry out the treatment of diseases and pests or harvest.
- The moon in Pisces is great for planting root crops, since all the energy will go to the formation of the underground part. The harvest will be rich and high quality, but will not be stored for a long time.
- The moon in Aries is a barren time, because the seedlings will appear quickly, but will develop poorly, give a low crop, not suitable for long-term storage.
- The moon in Taurus is a very favorable sign for landing. The period contributes to not too fast, but stable growth of shoots, increases their resistance to temperature extremes, allows to obtain a large number of high-quality root crops with a long shelf life.
- The moon in Gemini - the seeds that were planted on this day do not sprout well, and the roots grow tasteless.
- Moon in Cancer - suitable for planting root crops, which will be immediately eaten. Turnip and radish will give a bountiful high-quality harvest, but they will not be stored for a long time.
- Moon in Leo - during this period, you can only carry out treatment from diseases and pests, as well as harvest.
- Moon in Virgo - the landing on this day contributes to the rapid development of the aerial part. Root crops grow poorly and reach small sizes.
- The Moon in Libra is a prolific constellation that promotes the emergence of amicable shoots, their rapid development and obtaining juicy, high-quality moderate-sized root crops.
- The moon in Scorpio is the same auspicious sign for planting turnips and radish in 2018. Suitable for a rich harvest with a long shelf life.
- The moon in Sagittarius does not at all contribute to the development of the underground part of the plants, since all the energy goes into the stems and leaves.
Using the information above, you can independently determine the days that are suitable for planting seeds. But since, in addition to the signs of the zodiac, in many cases it is also necessary to take into account the phase of the moon, it is better to use a ready-made calendar.
Dates of the lunar calendar 2018
Turnips and radishes are not divorced by seedlings, but are immediately sown in a greenhouse or on open beds. Therefore, the following days, suitable for such events, should be chosen depending on the climatic zone and weather conditions.
Lunar calendar planting turnips and radishes in 2018
|Turnip||20-25||8-10, 19-23, 27||5, 7, 9-11, 19-23||9-11, 21-23|
|Radish||—||20-23||6-9, 19-20, 23-26||7-10, 19-24|
By the winter in 2018, these cultures are recommended to be sown on October 7 and 8.
Important! If the seeds are presoaked before sowing, their immersion in water is considered planting, therefore, it is necessary to respect the dates of the lunar calendar. This is due to the fact that under the influence of water in the seeds germination processes are triggered.
Features planting turnip and radish
Turnips and radishes are grown in the greenhouse (under the film) or openly in the ground. In the first variant, early vegetables can be obtained even in cold climates, the second is used for later plantings. Sow the seeds in a pre-prepared soil at the right place.
These garden crops love well-lit places. In the shaded areas only the above-ground part develops, the roots are not even tied.
It is best to plant turnips and radishes after the nightshade, beans, cucumbers and onions. The areas where the cruciferous plants grew are not suitable for these crops, since such plantations significantly increase the risk of the appearance of diseases and pests due to the spores accumulated in the soil.
For turnips and radishes, it is recommended to choose light soils with neutral acidity, enriched with humus or compost. Organics should be made at the rate of 2 kg per 0.01 ha, and the manure should not be fresh, otherwise the roots will grow rough, empty, irregularly shaped.
The soil at the site is prepared in the fall, digging it with the introduction of wood ash, nitrogen, phosphate and potash fertilizers. In the spring, the ground is leveled with a rake, rolled and cut.If the beds could not be prepared in the fall, then this work is carried out in the spring 2 weeks before the seeds are sown.
For planting used moist seeds. They are pre-soaked in a thin fabric pouch, immersed in a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate. Seeds should not germinate, but only swell.
Radish seeds are quite large, so they are planted easily. Turnip seeds are smaller, so after soaking they need to be a little dry and mixed with sand. Sowing is carried out in the grooves with a depth of 2 cm. In order to avoid thinning them after emergence, it is recommended to place the seeds at such intervals:
- radish - after 5 cm;
- turnips - after 10 cm.
Between the rows, a distance of 20–25 cm is sufficient. Cover the sown area with a film before the germs appear.
In addition, radishes and turnips can be planted not only in separate beds, but also in rows between other crops - cabbage, carrots, beets. Before these vegetables come into effect, the root crop will be harvested.
Important! When planting turnips and radishes in the summer, they need to be covered with a dark agrofiber to reduce daylight hours.If its duration exceeds 12 hours, the plants will go to the arrows.
To choose the right time when you need to plant turnips and radishes in 2018, you should be guided not only by the lunar calendar, but also by the weather forecast. These crops are cold-resistant, so the planting can begin in early spring immediately after the snow melts. For seed germination, it is enough that the soil warms to + 2 ° C. Shoots grow well if daytime temperatures do not fall below +15 ° C, and nighttime temperatures fall below +5 ° C.
Planted turnips and radishes several times during the season - from early spring to early autumn. Landings for the winter can be performed in October – November and even in winter under snow. The winter crop can be harvested 15–20 days earlier than sown in spring. Turnip for blanks for winter sown in the middle of summer.
Turnips and radishes are unpretentious cultures and do not require special care. But they need to provide space, otherwise the growth of root crops will not be and only the tops will rise. Therefore, if necessary, seedlings thinned at intervals specified in the norms of sowing.
Watering should be abundant, but always with the recommendations of the lunar calendar.Plants absorb moisture as much as possible when the Moon is in the signs of Water - Scorpio, Cancer, Pisces, and regardless of the phase. During this period, it is necessary to water moderately so that the roots will not start to rot.
Feeding is carried out during the passage of the moon constellations of Scorpio and Pisces, but taking into account the phases:
- on the growing moon - mineral fertilizers;
- decreasing - organic.
Feed turnips and radishes extremely rarely, because these crops are not demanding on the nutritional value of the soil. It is better to make the necessary fertilizers in the autumn and spring soil preparation. To control pests and planting diseases, they pollinate with ashes or tobacco dust. Harvesting radish is done selectively as the root ripens. Turnips are usually removed all at once.