Monument to Minin and Pozharsky in Nizhny Novgorod: the history of creation
There is one wonderful and correcttradition - to perpetuate the names of people who influenced the course of history. Scientists, writers, commanders, heads of state, dedicated themselves to the struggle for peace, rightly remain in the memory of the people. Books are devoted to them, they are called by their names populated points, streets. In their honor establish monuments.
There is, perhaps, no city in which it would be impossible to see a monument erected in honor of a famous person.
One such example is the Nizhny Novgorod landmark - a monument to Minin and Pozharsky.
Monument to Minin and Pozharsky, installed in Nizhny Novgorod, is a famous sculpture. It is built in memory of two folk heroes. The names of these brave warriors Kuzma Minin and Dmitry Pozharsky.
This sculpture is not the only one andunique in its kind. It was made as a copy of the monument, which is located in Moscow on the main square of the country. It was installed in 2005 on the central square of Nizhny Novgorod.
The initiator of the establishment was Yury Luzhkov. The monument was made by the Russian sculptor Z. Tsereteli. Between the monument that is in Moscow, and the one that is set in Nizhny Novgorod, there are two differences. The original on Red Square is only 5 cm larger than its copy. There are also inscriptions on them - the date of its establishment is not indicated on the monument in Nizhny Novgorod.
Who were Minin and Pozharsky?
The history of the monument to Minin and Pozharsky in Nizhny NovgorodNovgorod began with the Time of Troubles of the Russian state, when Moscow was occupied by Poles and the country was under the rule of Sweden and Poland. At the beginning of the XVII century in Nizhny Novgorod appeared the People's Militia. It was formed against the Polish invaders.
The very idea of its foundation belongs to KuzmaMinin, who at that time was a zemstvo in Nizhny Novgorod. He was supported by local residents and local authorities. The commander of the militia appointed Prince Dmitry Pozharsky. An uprising began.
Together, the Nizhny Novgorod people led by Prince Dmitry Pozharsky and the elder Kuzma Minin could effectively resist the enemy.
The history of the monument to Minin and Pozharsky in Nizhny Novgorod
The emergence of the militia, as we already know,is associated with the names of these heroes. The history of the monument to militiamen is related to 1803. Then in Nizhny Novgorod there was a Free Society, uniting zealots of science and art. Members of this society came up with the idea of creating a monument to the heroes of Minin and Pozharsky in Nizhny Novgorod. In the same year they began to collect money for the realization of the idea, a competition was announced for the project of the monument.
In 1807, according to the results of the competition,the work of the sculptor Ivan Martos. It was approved by the reigning emperor Alexander. The establishment of the monument was a very important event for the entire Russian people, as the monument carried the idea of state freedom and unity of the people.
Initially, he wanted to establish in the city of Nizhny NovgorodNovgorod, where the people's militia was formed. After they decided to establish a monument in Moscow, since it was important not only regional, but also state.
In 2005, a copy of the monument was installed in the homeland of Pozharsky and Minin, since it was from here that the wave of people's voicesas a result, to the liberation of the state from the Polish and Swedish occupation.
Other sights of the ancient city
Where is the monument to Minin and Pozharsky? What next to him? What else can you admire? Similar questions are asked by many tourists arriving in these regions.
Monument to Minin and Pozharsky in Nizhny Novgorodis located in the central square, whose names have changed depending on the historical period. The square itself is a monument of culture and architecture. Its names are associated with different periods in history.
Near the monument to Minin and Pozharsky in Nizhny NovgorodNovgorod can also see the Kremlin - a historical monument of the city. This is a huge complex, which has social, political, artistic and cultural significance.
Not far from the monument is a huge tower of the Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin, which is called Ivanovskaya. It had an important defensive significance.
It is no coincidence that near the monument there is an ancientOrthodox church - Church of the Nativity of John the Baptist. Its history of emergence is associated with the XV century. And during the war, at the main entrance of the church, Kuzma Minin urged the Nizhny Novgorod residents to fight against the enemies of the Russian land.