How to write questions in English?
One of the most difficult moments in learning English is compiling questions. This topic is considered in the course of learning the basics of English.
All questions of the English language can be divided into 4 groups:
- are common;
This kind of questions is aimed at getting a "yes" or "no" answer. Common questions are made in accordance with the time of the English language, which must be used in this matter.
For example, a general question with the use of Present Simple:
- Do you swim every day? - Yes / No, I do / do not.
- Will they dance at the party? - Yes / No, they will / will not.
In the question and answer there must be one and the same modal verb.
- Did he eat sandwiches yesterday? - Yes / No, he did / did not.
- Are they playing vulleyball? - Yes / No, they do / did / will. The answer must include the word are.
There should be no names in the answer. Pronouns are used instead:
- Does Anna work in hospital? - Yes / No, she does / does not.
If the verb contains two or more words, one of them is put on the first place:
- We have done the work. - Have they done the work?
Modal verbs are taken to the first place, that is, before the subject:
- She can sing very well. - Can she sing very well?
Brief affirmative answers do not reduce:
- Wrong: Yes, he's.
- Correctly: Yes, he is.
Special questions begin with question words:
- who is who;
- what - what;
- where - where;
- why - why;
- when - when;
- how long - how long.
- When does the train arrive?
- How long does it take you to go to the bus stop?
In order to write special questions in English, it is necessary to add to the general question a question word, which is put on the first place. For example:
- The general question: Do you go to the shop every day?
- Special question: When do you go to the shop? - I go every day / after work.
Every day is the answer to the when question, so this phrase is not written down.
It is quite easy to make a divisive question. To do this, we add the corresponding short question to the narrative sentence. Ask these questions for more information.
- The weather is good, is not it?
- They did not buy a new car, did they?
Questions of this type are built on the type of attractionopposites, that is, if in the sentence the verb is in the affirmative form, then the interrogative part must be in the negative. And vice versa. It should also be remembered that there can not be two negative particles in one separation question.
- Wrong: Your father does not work in the bank, does not he? - in the sentence there are two negations.
- Correct: Your father does not work in the bank, does he?
Alternative questions are put in order to offer the opponent the choice between the two options.
This type of questions is built on the basis of common questions, while in the second part, duplicate words are omitted. The connecting element is the word "or".
- Do you like ice cream with banana or with orange?
- Will you buy a book or a copy-book?
to be and to have
The verbs to be and to have are studied separately.
If the sentence has a verb to be in variational forms: am, is, are, was, were, then it itself forms a question. For this we put it before the subject:
- She is drinking coca-cula. - Is she drinking coca-cula?
- Anna was in the park. - WasAnna in the park?
If the sentence has the verb to have, then the question is based on the following rules:
- British version: the verb is taken to the first place.
- She has a pen. -Has she a pen.
- The American version: for the formation of the question, the modal verb do is added.
- She has a pen. - Does she have a pen?
Stable word combinations add a modal verb to the subject
- You have lunch at 11.45 a.m.