How to survive in the taiga?
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Few places on earth can boast of suchlandscapes, such beauties, such mysteriousness, such unpredictability and such danger simultaneously. If you were in this place, then there is a taiga around you. This territory has a strict set of instructions and rules that help to stay alive. Violation of at least one point is not forgiven. Laws of conduct in the taiga have no exceptions. Therefore, immediately the first advice: before you go to the taiga, read the literature on how to survive in the taiga, watch the video. You look, and the desire disappears. And if not, then we need to prepare.
Clothes and ammunition
To prevent head injury is mandatorya headpiece for the season. It is not necessary to wear a fur hat in the cold season: an occasional hunter can take for prey and shoot. Clothes should be dense, but not heavy and according to the color of the season; let the air in, do not whisper, and stick to your throat. You do not need to put on extra clothes, because during the transitions you will sweat, due to which you will freeze at the stops. It is better to have a spare sweater.
Shoes are high, durable, water resistant. Must sit tightly on the foot, taking into account the sock and footcloth. Pants to release over the shoes: an extra chance for the legs to stay dry for longer.
Survival in the taiga: necessary things
Mobile phone. Of course, unless you go to virgin places where there was no connection. A backpack with wide straps, in which, regardless of distance, a supply of food. No one is immune from wandering through the forest. Two sets of matches are well packaged in waterproof bags, one of which is stored in a backpack; minimum of medical kit - bandage and iodine.
Good durable knife and nails in the winter. They are needed in case of a broken ski. The clock will help you to control the time of halt and the travel time.
Moving and lodging for the night
The main law of security in the taiga: you see everyone, nobody sees you. Raising your legs higher, do not create noise when walking. Heard from afar other people or dogs, bypass them by side. People are different, and the taiga is not the central street, you can not call a policeman.
Keep the set course of traffic and selectedlandmarks. Taiga is a very deceptive forest and it is easy to get lost in it. To save the correct route and not to get lost in the taiga helps only one device - the compass. If you hear a growl or howl, then do not be frightened, but simply fold: you have violated the boundaries of the hunting grounds of some beast, and he warns you about it.
Sleep only with a fire. He will help and keep warm and dare wild animals. If you go alone, then it is better not to go to bed (if there is only one night in the taiga). Especially in winter. The fire can go out and you have all chances to freeze. In the autumn period of the "hungry year" you can be attacked by a predator. Lean is better to build a thicker and softer from the coniferous branches.
If lost - the course of survival in the taiga
To get lost in the taiga forest very easily can evena man experienced with many years of experience of hunting and walking. The most difficult test in this case will be confronting fear. He does not make allowances for either age, experience, or strong nerves. Unable to cope with the sudden release of adrenaline, a person often loses his head and starts to run somewhere, not understanding the way.
Followed by rivers and streams. Even if you do not know where they flow. People settle near rivers, archaeologists and hunters break their camps near the rivers. Never give in to the temptation to cut the road. Then you are unlikely to go even to the original place.
Realizing that you are advancing in "circles", notdespair. A similar phenomenon happens often and even has its name: the focus of the right foot. Everyone probably knows that the person makes a step with the right foot longer than the left one. This circumstance leads to walking along the circumference, at the time when consciousness fixes rectilinear motion. Having thus made one circle, do not try to play with fate and light a large smoky fire. There is always a chance of getting help from outside.
Orient on the sides of the world in the absencecompass can be done with the help of a clock. A clock-oriented hour hand and a digit "1" form an angle, the middle of which will point to the south. Go in the right direction, often checking the direction of their movement - also a good chance. It is not superfluous to know that lichens and mosses grow on the shaded side of the tree, regardless of its location relative to the north. The ants have not read the instructions for tourists for a long time, and began arranging their homes where the sun is warming up rather than on the south side of the bushes.
Water and food: what to eat in the taiga
In the fall, it's still better to lose than in the spring: more chances to find food. There is an opinion that nobody will lose with a berry. This is not true. First, they contain few calories, and secondly, the stomach will refuse many berries. The most hearty food in the forest is represented by mushrooms. A reliable and simple way of cooking: finely crumble and boil in two waters. If there is no bowler, you can always adjust the can. Do not doubt that before you were here people.
Water can be found by drawing attention to plants. Willow, poplar, moss always grow in places where groundwater is close. With a stick it is possible to dig a hole of decent size, where groundwater will flow. Do not drink immediately. Let it stand. Do not panic if you can not find water. You can always borrow it from plants. To do this, it is necessary to put a plastic bag on the broadleaf branch or on a dense tall grass and place it downside down.
Intensively, the moisture begins to evaporate from the leaves, settle on the walls of the bag and flock to the bottom. Thus, by adapting several packages, you can collect enough moisture to quench your thirst.
Finally, before leaving for the forest, warn family and do not change the route. This will help to start the search in time and finish them faster with a positive result.