How to install the mixer in the kitchen: we carry out installation according to all the rules
The kitchen is one of the rooms in the house or apartment, which is operated in an enhanced mode. The kitchen faucet is subjected to significant daily loads, so it is desirable to choose a quality product.
After the choice is made, you need to figure out how to install the mixer in the kitchen, having fulfilled all the engineering requirements for installation.
What to consider before starting the installation?
First you need to decide on the method of installation: the mixer can be mounted on the countertop, sink housing or on the wall. In advance it is necessary to outline the routes of the hot and cold water pipes. In this connection points should be available in the event of subsequent repair or maintenance. If you plan to install the filter, then the place for its installation must be provided in advance.
Several recommendations for choosing a mixer
The mixer is invariably operated in tandem with a sink, so when choosing a product you need to proceed from its size and depth, as well as:
- the distance between the wall and the hole for the mixer;
- the diameter of the hole for the sidebar mixer;
- drain points
In this case, the mixer must be of sufficient length so that the endspoutafter installation accounted for the center of the sink or sink.
Heightsspoutshould be enough so that you can put a high pan under the tap. But do not go to the extreme and get too high mixer. Otherwise, sprays are created that scatter outside the sink.
Another important parameter regarding the geometry of the mixer is the angle of rotation. If the sink is close to the wall, then it is enough to install the mixer with an angle of rotation up to 90 degrees. If you use a sink with two bowls, then you need to pay attention to the model with a rotation angle of 180-360 degrees.
Variety of plumbing styles
Having finished with the technical part, it is necessary to determine the appearance.Today, the choice of styles of mixers is so huge that even the most spoiled owner will be able to find a model to his taste. Classic, hi-tech,,minimalism, chopped and streamlined shape, chrome, copper or black - you can choose the option to any kitchen.
At the same time, unfortunately, the rule applies: the more expensive the better - especially important for plumbing and faucets in particular. There is a limit to everything, but European-quality high-quality plumbing is much more expensive than domestic products.
Determination of optimal design
The choice must take into account the design features of the mixers. The most practical models are single-lever, in which the flow rate and temperature can be adjusted using one handle. Models with two valves are less practical, but combine well with the classic kitchen interior.
Manufacturers produce and contactless products that are supplied with a motion sensor. When you bring your hands, the sensor is triggered and the mixer starts to supply water.For the kitchen, this is also not the most practical option, as it is often necessary to change the temperature and draw water in the tank.
Mixer prices depend on the type of alloy used and the brand of manufacturer. The cheapest models are made of silumin, have a beautiful appearance, but quickly wear out and come into disrepair. Silumin and other cheap alloys crumble and crack quite quickly.
The highest quality products are made of brass. A layer of nickel, aluminum or chromium is applied to the surface to give the mixer a beautiful look. Chrome products - the most wear-resistant.
Mixer Installation Instructions
A brief step-by-step instruction will help you quickly and correctly install the plumbing fixture in place and will allow you to avoid common mistakes.
The preparatory phase
Before starting any work, it is necessary to turn off the water supply to the house / apartment from the central riser. If this is not done, then water under pressure will create a lot of trouble when unscrewing the connections. Next, you need to open the mixer to drain water from the system.
It is also necessary to stock up on all consumables and tools.
It is advisable to read the instructions to the mixer before starting work. To perform most of the work, you do not need to look for any specialized devices. The following set of materials and tools will suffice:
- Phillips screwdriver;
- flat screwdriver;
- adjustable wrench;
- a set of flexible hoses (if they are not included with the mixer);
- water tank;
- aerosol WD-40;
- end wrenches.
It is better to replace the eyeliner to the old mixer with a new one. It is inexpensive, moreover - it will be the key to the most tight and durable connections.
Dismantling the old device
If you are repairing, then first you need to dismantle the old mixer. So, having completed all the preparatory procedures, it is necessary to find the joints of the mixer with water pipes. Next you need to find the places in which the mixer is attached to the sink.Using a wrench, separate the flexible connection of the mixer and the pipe. It is important not to forget to replace the container in time, as leftover water may flow out of the water supply system.
If the washing is invoice, then it must be carefully removed. Before you do this, you must disconnect the bottom of the siphon. Only after this washing can be removed. The sink should be turned over so that it is convenient to unscrew the fastening of the mixer. Rust could accumulate in these places, and the joints could stick together, so they should be treated with WD-40 compound.
After waiting 10-15 minutes, you can try to unscrew the nuts of the connections with an adjustable wrench. At first, you need to slightly loosen the nuts that are on the threaded pin. Now, using a screwdriver, you need to unscrew the threaded pin. During this operation, you need to hold the mixer with your hand so that it does not fall.
Next, the mixer is removed along with the clip. If it was decided to replace the old hoses with new ones, they are freely pulled out together with the mixer through the mounting hole.The mounting hole itself must be cleaned of accumulated dirt. The old mixer can be disposed of and proceed with the installation of a new crane.
Installing a new device on the sink
Before you install the single-lever mixer in the kitchen, you need to attach a liner to it. It is necessary to wind the tow on all connections - with its help it is possible to seal the system as much as possible. Tow is wound on the threads of flexible hoses before connecting them to the mixer. A drop of linseed oil can be added to the tow so that when it is twisted, it does not stick to the base of the thread.
Included with the mixer is an annular decorative gasket. It is made of metal and has a rubber layer. It must be ensured that the rubber insert is installed exactly in the recessed slot grooves of the ring. Thread the ring through the liner to the bottom of the mixer.
Now you can install the mixer to the sink by extending the flexible hoses through the mounting hole. It may be useful to help someone from the outside, so that he held the mixer while you screw it to the sink. Through the liner you need to pass the spacer.
Next screwthreaded pins through the spacer (pressure plate) in the base of the mixer, bait on the pins of the nut. Now your partner must lock the mixer in the working position so that you can tighten the nuts with the socket wrench (in most cases, this is the key at 11).
Now the mixer has adopted the position in which it will be used in the future. Before final efforts to tighten the nuts, you need to make sure that all sealing gaskets are not shifted and are in place.
The sink can be installed in place and then connected to the corresponding fittings of the plumbing system. Pipe connections must be cleaned with sandpaper and apply a layer of winding. It can be a linen thread or a roll-resistant waterproof sealant in the form of a tape.
If you choose a tape, it must be wound overlap. If you decide to resort to using a linen thread, then you need to lubricate the thread with a paste-like sealant and then wind the thread.
We attach the siphon to the sink to start testing the plumbing. After that, you can open the water supply from the riser and check all the connections under the maximum pressure. If the water will break in, it is necessary to tighten the threaded connections tighter and again test everything.
Accounting for technological nuances
Now you know how to install and connect the faucet in the kitchen, but there are some difficulties that can interfere with high-quality installation. There are situations when it is impossible to unscrew the old flexible hoses, because the joints literally stick to each other. Also, there are cases when you need to adjust the diameter of the mortise hole or install on a complex surface, for example, on the tabletop.
In such cases, you will needjigsaw, with which you need to cut a hole in the tabletop. If the condition of the pipes and their wiring is deplorable, then it is necessary to change and modify the entire water supply system. In such cases, you can resort to the help of a specialist or go into the study of the installation of water supply systems.
Photo tutorials for independent plumbers
Let us consider two options for installing kitchen faucets with a different type of attachment. In the first case, the device will be fixed with a nut, in the second - with the help of two studs.
Since in constructions with a pressure nut, the installation of the mixer is usually hampered by a somewhat long base, let’s start with the direct installation of the mixer:
The second option involves mounting the device with pins. Such constructions do not allow to adequately tighten the flexible hoses after fixing the mixer on the countertop or sink. Therefore, we will first twist them, and then fix the device:
When installing mixers of both designs, it is important to monitor the position of large and small seals. They must completely fill the space between the parts. Even the smallest gaps are unacceptable.
Installing the mixer in the countertop
For this method, in addition to the devices described above, you will need the following:
- electric jigsaw;
- set of drills.
The installation method is practically no different from the previous one. Only in this case it is not necessary to dismantle the sink. Installing the mixer on the countertop is distinguished by the need to make a hole on the countertop itself.
The choice of location for the hole should be based on practical recommendations:
- water should not fall on the countertop while using the mixer;
- use of valves / lever should be convenient;
- The spout should be positioned relative to the sink as recommended at the beginning of the article.
First you need to make a markup on the contour of the base of the mixer, using a pencil. Using a drill, drill four holes in the corners of the drawn perimeter. Then cut a jigsaw hole through which you can stretch the eyeliner and insert the threaded pins. The cut must be cleaned of sawdust and clean the edges with sandpaper.
It is important not to make the hole too large. Otherwise, the size of the clamping ring may not be enough to block the entire hole. Further, the sequence of actions remains the same as when mounting the mixer to the sink.
Installation of the device on the wall
Installing the faucet on the wall is a rather original solution for the kitchen interior. At the same time the crane will occupy a minimum of working space. In the tile or wall, the corresponding cuts are preliminarily made through which the connection will be made. This type of installation looks quite aesthetic. In some cases, pipes from the wall are brought out, but this option is detrimental to the interior of the kitchen, it is better to hide all the pipes behind the wall.
Installing the faucet on the wall implies an appropriate water supply with the output of elements for connection to the outside. Connection method is the same for iron, plastic, copper ormetal plasticpipes except for the use of adapters andfittings.
The type of mixer (valve, cartridges, etc.) also does not affect the connection method. A prerequisite is the selection of a wall-mounted mixer, the design of which involves installation in the wall.
For installation to the iron pipes are applied tees and angles. If the axes of the connectors for connecting the mixer coincide with the axes of the pipes, then it suffices to use couplings. To connect to other types of pipes are used specialfittingwhich are also calledwater sockets.
Features of wall mounted faucets
These models can be mounted to any height. Mixers with flexible and rigid spout are produced. In the flexible there are many variations of position that allow you to perform any action in the kitchen. Products with a hard spout assume a limited course and turn of the mixer.
For most kitchens, wall models are a fairly convenient and practical solution.
First you need to fasten the eccentrics, through which the mixer is connected to the pipes. To avoid enhanced condensation, the distance between the axes of the pipes should be 150 mm. Mostwallmixers are produced with exactly this distance between the eccentrics. On the threads you need to wind the tow (linen or synthetic).
Next, we wind the crane nuts on the eccentrics and install a decorative screen (pad). It is carefully screwed with hands, as it should fit snugly to the wall surface. If the gap is no more than 5 mm, then you can disconnect the mixer and trim the eccentrics to the appropriate length. The decorative panel hides all the flaws on the wall.
Then you should install gaskets, which are included in the mixer kit and can be made of silicone, paronite, rubber and other polymeric materials. Gaskets are inserted into the housing nuts, ensuring it is tightfitto eccentrics. For maximum density on the eccentric there should be no cracks. The uneven surface of the cut can be sanded with emery paper.
The last stage - tightening the screws: first with your hands, and when your own efforts are no longer enough, you need to tighten the connections with a wrench. Efforts should not be excessive in order not to damage the threads.
Conclusions and useful video on the topic
A few useful video tips will help you quickly and without any installation errors.
Professional recommendations from GROHE specialists:
Installation and connection of single lever device:
Now you know how to install a plumbing faucet in the kitchen or bathroom. Regardless of the type of installation, it is not too difficult to do. It is enough to have the necessary set of tools, consumables and theoretical knowledge with you. Of course, the task may be complicated by old worn-out pipes or the need to modify piping.