How to care for chrysanthemum?
Chrysanthemum is a very beautiful perennial plant. Grow it can be at home in pots, and in the garden. Chrysanthemum refers to unpretentious plants, but there are still basic rules that must be followed when caring for this plant.
All flowers of this species can be divided into two subgroups:
- indoor chrysanthemums;
- garden chrysanthemums.
After the chrysanthemum bought in the store, it is necessary to take care that the plant adapts to the new conditions.
In order for the flower to please you for a long time, it is necessary to take good care of the chrysanthemum in the pot:
- Place pots of flowers on the windowsill, but remember that direct sunlight is harmful to a houseplant, so you need to shade the chosen place in hot weather.
- Chrysanthemum is a moisture-loving plant,therefore, the soil must be constantly moist, but not moist. The plant should be watered twice a week in the evening, so that the leaves have dried out before the sun.
- Spraying the flower from the atomizer is an important time during the care of the chrysanthemum, as it refreshes the plant well.
- All the stems that have already faded should be cut.
When caring for a homemade chrysanthemum, do not forget about the transplantation of the flower.
- Young plants should be transplanted once a year, and adults - once every two years.
- As a primer is suitable for ordinary garden land with the addition of sand and humus.
- If you add a little bird droppings to the ground, the bloom will be more saturated.
Reproduction of a room chrysanthemum
Before you start chrysanthemum planting, you need to prepare the following material:
- pots (preferably clay);
- After the plant fades, he needsget a little rest. To do this, transfer it to a dark, cool place. Ideal option is the basement, in which the plant will be able to gain strength. And in order for the plant not to dry up, it must be periodically watered. Thus, the domestic chrysanthemum will be prepared for the spring and the breeding season.
- Reproduction is possible in two ways:
- division of the bush;
Division of the bush
The simplest and most reliable method is the reproduction of chrysanthemums by dividing the bush.
- You can start dividing at a time when the shoots will be in the stage of intensive growth.
- In spring, about 6 young shoots can be planted from one bush.
- We take the plant out of the old pot, separate the young shoots (do not forget that on each separated part the root should be preserved) and plant them in pots with fertile soil.
- We water the plant after transplantation.
If you will transplant the flower in this way, then flowering can be expected in summer or early autumn.
Cutting is a longer and more time consuming process.
- We cut the cuttings from the mother's bush about 10 cm long.
- Then we plant them in the soil.
- After you plant the cuttings, they should be covered with glass or film.
- Take care that the temperature in the room does not rise above 20 degrees.
- Always air the cuttings.
- When the cuttings take root and grow to 15 cm, they can be planted in pots. Plants pinch to form a bush.
If the chrysanthemum is in the garden, then you need to look after it in accordance with the following recommendations.
- Garden chrysanthemums love the sun very much, so they are planted on open plots.
- Since chrysanthemum is characterized by increased photoperiodism (the plant's reaction to the alternation of light and darkness during the day), it should not be planted near garden lamps or other light sources.
- Chrysanthemums are fed several times a season: once at the beginning of the season, and another time at the beginning of bud formation.
- If you have a chrysanthemum with high stems, prepare a support from metal or wooden pegs.
- Flowers of this kind are very fond of water, so do not forget to water them, especially in hot weather.
- Periodically browse the plants and remove the faded buds and dry leaves.
- If you have cold-resistant chrysanthemums, with the arrival ofcolds cut the bushes to the ground (leave 10-15 cm) and fill them with a thick layer of garden compost. Heat-loving chrysanthemums should be transferred to a greenhouse or a greenhouse.
Reproduction of garden chrysanthemums
There are three ways to reproduce garden chrysanthemums:
- division of bushes;
Division of bushes
This type of reproduction is the fastest and most effective, as when planting indoor chrysanthemums.
- We dig a plant with shoots.
- Separate the young shoot with roots.
- We transplanted to a new place, having well dug, fertilized and bored.
Reproduction by cuttings
The best time of the year for cuttings of chrysanthemums is spring.
- Break off the lateral shoot.
- We plant an escape into a pot and water it intensely.
- Rooted cuttings must be plucked from above to stimulate the development of the lush crown of the bush.
- Then, after 1-1.5 months, transplant the plant into the ground.
Caring for chrysanthemum, both room andgarden, and includes protection from pests. Closely inspect plants and when pests appear, take measures to protect plants: spray and treat with special solutions that can be purchased at flower shops.
Compliance with these simple rules will ensure normal growth and flowering to any chrysanthemum.