how correctly to plant tubers begonia?
how correctly to plant tubers begonia?
- she loves the sun and water! plant with an interval of 20 cm at a depth, so that the heads on top were !! !! Here you are suffering !! !! she is very gentle, if something does not immediately rot. but she is very beautiful! do not say "beauty - requires sacrifice!"
- Growing conditions
It can not be said that such begonias are unpretentious. To the plant was healthy and pleased you with a chic flowering, it needs careful care. Begonia successfully grows and blooms only in fertile soil. She needs regular fertilizing (once every two weeks) with complex mineral fertilizers, which alternate with organic top dressing. Soil for begonias can be bought in specialized stores.
The secret of growing begonias is that the top part of the tuber should not be buried in any case. It should be at 1-2 mm to rise above the surface of the soil or be slightly sprinkled. The roots of the begonia are superficial, delicate and very small, and during the flowering period, watering should be abundant (preferably with warm, standing water). At the same time, it is impossible to let the soil become frozen, otherwise the rootlets will rot.
Light for begonias
The tuberous begonias are light photographers, they need bright sunlight, but not direct sunlight. It can be located on the south-east, east and west windows. In the garden, begonia will feel good in the shade under trees or higher plants.
Begonia poorly tolerate high air temperature (at t over 250 plants feel uncomfortable). Therefore, on very hot days pots with flowers should be cooled: put in moist peat, sawdust or pallet with wet pebbles (peat or pebbles should be constantly wet).
Plants will be grateful if you regularly spray the air around them.
If on the leaves of begonia you find brown or black dry spots, it is sunburn. Try to pick up for the plant a place where there is no access for direct sunlight. If the leaves turn yellow, and the sun could not burn, then, perhaps, the plant lacks moisture and nutrients, or, conversely, the plant is flooded and it lacks light.
The leaves of begonia are twisted and dry - around the plant too dry air and high temperature.
Fall buds - dry air and excess watering.
If you notice that the plant is rotting, stop watering it abundantly, remove the decayed parts of the plant, gently remove the top layer of the earth from the top of the tuber and fill it fresh.
Storage in winter
In their homeland, tuberous begonias are well tolerated by seasonal climate changes. But in our conditions they need a period of rest. Therefore, after the first frost, the plant is excavated and, together with a clod of earth or in pots, is transferred to the house. Watering almost cease. Somewhere in a month, the aerial part of the plant dies, after which the tubers are taken out of the ground and laid in boxes, pouring sawdust.
In this form, begonias are stored in the basement (or on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator at t + 1-10 C) until spring. The substrate is moistened from time to time.
Sharp changes in illumination are harmful for begonias. Suppose, if you sprouted it on the western window, and the plant itself was transferred to the southern balcony, then the leaves will necessarily have burns. On the dark northern windowsills begonia blooms rarely and scantily, but on the northern balconies it blooms perfectly, the main thing is not to overflow the plant.
The begonia tuber can live 5-6 years. A two-three-year-old tuber can be used for vegetative propagation. For this, before planting, a tight round tuber is divided into parts so that each part has 1-2 developed kidneys. Slices are sprinkled with coal or ash and the cuttings are planted in the soil. Strongly watered plants in this period is not worth it. Seed reproduction is possible, but this process is long and laborious enough.
- After buying, put the tubers on a damp cloth, put in a warm bright place. As soon as small white roots appear, drop the begonia into the pot. Do not be embarrassed by the fact that the shoots can be large by this time, have several leaves and even buds (the buds need to be removed) - the tuber quickly makes up for it. Pots for tuberous begonias should be wide, but shallow, since begonias have a superficial root system. When planting, first you need to plant begonias so that the top of the tuber is not covered with earth, but you need to leave room to later fall asleep completely. In young begonia (tuber diameter up to 5 cm), it is necessary to leave no more than 2 sprouts growing from a tuber. After the kidneys are visible on the tuber, but before the appearance of young roots, it is necessary to cut the tuber into the 2-4 part with a very sharp sterile knife, so that on each part there is at least an 2 kidney. At the initial stage of growth, begonia should be watered so that water does not fall on the tuber
- I grow begonia on street windowsills. At the end of March, I plant tubers in not large pots to a depth of 2,5-3 cm and sprinkle with earth. When the constant temperature + 10 is set on the street, I transplant the grown begonias into a pallet like ordinary flowers, the distance between them is 25-30. See on the east windows water every day, and on the western one every other day or two. Excellent bloom and pleasing to the eye. But in winter, do not store at minus temperature. I store in the lower section of the refrigerator. Plant better than ampel and different colors.