Handball is a very popular game not only inRussia, but also all over the world. The game itself takes place on a square-shaped platform, which has a size of 40 by 20 m. A security zone must be located around the court, at least one meter in size, along all sidelines, and at least 2 meters behind the goal line. Short lines of the area (between the goal posts) are called the goal lines, or the outer lines of the goal (behind the gate). The important thing is that all these lines are part of the play area. The width of the goal line between the posts is 8 cm, all other lines have a size of 5 cm. Let's consider the rules of handball in general.
The team should be 14 people, but withThis, of them at the same time on the playground can be no more than 7, all the rest are spare players. The team must have a goalkeeper and the team must have at least 5 players in the beginning of the game. A spare player can enter the game at any time, but only after the main player leaves the field. Also, the replacement can be made exclusively through the replacement line for the team of these players. The number of replacements is unlimited.
The team may also include, except players, up to4 persons of officials who are entered in the minutes of the match. One of these people is the official representative of the team, he has the right to apply to the timekeeper, the secretary and maybe even to the judges. He is also responsible for the fact that the team is not among the main players, not among the spare was not those who do not have the right to do so. To learn to play handball, the rules of the game must be known, and try not to violate them.
Duration of the game
For adult teams (16 years and older) matchconsists of the first and second half, which last for thirty minutes and have a 15 minute break. For children 8 - 12 years: two halves of 20 minutes each; 12-16 years: two halves of 25 minutes each.
At the end of the break, teams must switchsides of the playground. If the game ends in a draw, then additional time is assigned - it's two half-time for five minutes with a 1-minute break. If the first extra time of the game did not reveal the winner, then in 5 minutes on the same site the second additional time will be assigned under the same conditions. In the event that the second additional time is over and the account remains the same, a series of 7-meter shots will be assigned. The schedule of these competitions, depending on their type, may provide for a series of 7-meter and after the end of the regular time of the match. When the ball leaves the playground, during the game, time does not stop. And when you remove a player or a meeting of judges, stop the stopwatch. When the team owns the ball, it has the right to take time out. It lasts 1 minute and during it the stopwatch also stops.
- using the head, arms, hips, knees and body players have the right to catch, stop and throw the ball;
- no more than 3 seconds a player can hold the ball at home and do with him no more than three steps, after which he must give the ball, throwing it either on goal, or to another player, or on the floor;
- To cross the border of the gate in a jump to players is allowed, and touching the site within their limits is prohibited;
- You can block the opponent's body, block his path with his hands, bent at the elbows and select the ball with his hand open;
- without trying to attack the ball play is not allowed;
- when the ball completely got into the goal and the team that scored it did not violate the rules - the goal is scored.
The team that scored more goals and is considered the winner.
According to the rules of handball, there are three types of personal punishments:
- A warning.
- Remove the player for 2 minutes.
- Removal of the player to the end of the game (disqualification).
These punishments can be imposed not only on players. But also to officials.
The player receives a warning for unsporting behavior (dissatisfaction with the decision of the referee, violation of the rule of three meters, when the opponent performs a standard throw, a foot below the knee)
During one game, players can get:
- all players of the same team: 3 warnings;
- officials of the same team: 1 warning;
- player- 1 warning.
The player already retiring from this game for 2 minutes warning is not carried out. And when a maximum of warnings for further violations is reached, a more severe form of punishment is applied.
Deleting for 2 minutes
The player is removed for 2 minutes in the event that he seriously violated the rules.
Each removal is necessarily accompanied by a gesturejudge - he must raise his hand with two straightened fingers. After this, the player who violated the rules must leave the playing field for 2 minutes, at this time the team plays in the incomplete composition. If such punishment is intended for the official person, then the person representing him remains on the lava of the spare, and besides, one of the players is serving the term of removal.
If the player is deleted three times in 2 minutes per game, then after this there is a complete disqualification. Disqualification is an exception to the game completely. She is appointed for gross violation of the rules.
Now you know all the rules of handball and caneasy to learn how to play. If you are delayed, so to speak, and you can not tear yourself away, then you can do it seriously. To do this, you need to learn more detailed rules of the game, which you can find here.