First aid with a snake bite
It is worth to thank nature for the fact that the externalthe image that she gave snakes, warns immediately - nothing good will come from them! Of course, there is also a benefit from them for the destruction of rodents, the use of poison for medical purposes, and out of all the variety of creeping reptiles, only 10% are dangerous with their poison. However, an unexpected encounter with them in the conditions of nature does not immediately allow us to recall all the data on color, structure of the head, length and habits. Knowledge that must invariably be in the head of a person is the first help with a snake bite.
All snakes are dangerous
As a rule, a bite or a snake kick is a means ofself-defense. It is protected from you! The bite is painful and harmful not only from the poisonous snake. In the oral cavity of reptiles there is a large number of bacteria, microorganisms, the remains of rotting food, which, when ingested, can also cause severe infection. Help with a snake bite should be timely and adequate response to the provision of qualified medical care.
Clinic of snake venom
Snake venom in its action is divided intoneurotoxic and hemovazotoxic. The first has a curare-like effect: it depresses the nervous system, paralyzes the central organs of respiration and can cause death from paralysis. Poisons of the second group cause a violation of blood clotting, a change in the dynamic parameters of the heartbeat, as a consequence of spasms. These are the most famous consequences of a snake bite.
Symptoms of a bite of a poisonous snake
Given that the snake's throw is rapid, it can often occur in wooded areas and thickets, after which it quickly retires, it is necessary to know the main signs of a bite.
- Visually one or two point wounds should be observed.
- As a rule, after 10-15 minutes, a swelling develops on the site of the bite, spreading to the entire limb or body area.
- The pain from a bite is very strong, intolerant and prolonged.
- Vision is impaired, breathing is difficult.
- The fever rises, fever, muscle weakness, drowsiness, nausea and vomiting.
Top-up actions with a bite
It is necessary to clearly know what to do with a snake bite. After identifying the poisonous bite, this calmness and composure is the first priority. Panic and nervousness must be excluded, since excitement can increase blood circulation and the spread of poison throughout the body. Examine the wound and clothing, it can remain poison. It is advisable to try to remove as much as possible the poison from the wound (using a pear heated by a jar), in the exceptional case if the mouth does not have open wounds, you can suck your mouth. This procedure allows you to extract up to 50% of the venom of the snake. Next, the bite site must be treated with antiseptic means, the skin around the wound treated with greenery or alcohol. A tight sterile bandage is applied, the purpose of which is to impede the flow of lymph. To do this, it is also necessary to ensure the immobile state of the affected limb or part of the body. It is advisable to consume large amounts of liquid. Get to the nearest point of medical care should be accompanied only, and not moving yourself.
You can not put a tourniquet, as this can bring to necrosis and amputation of the limb, you should not burn the place of the bite, except for the burn it will not give anything, you do not need to use bitten alcohol.
Venomous snakes of Russia
The main poisonous snake of Russia is a vipercommon, distributed in the middle belt, Siberia and the Far East, is found in the forest and forest-steppe areas. It occurs in mixed forests, along the banks of rivers, lakes and streams. Southern regions of Russia are represented by such snakes as steppe viper, Caucasian adder and ordinary shield-muzzle. The bites of poisonous snakes in Russia are also dangerous and require a quick response.
For travelers, we note that the mostthe death rate from snake bites is high, it is still registered in India, for the year up to 250,000 people are bitten here, of which up to 50 thousand die, mostly cobra is to blame for this. And the most poisonous land snake is taipan, it is found in Australia and the death rate from its bite occurs in 50% of cases, within 4-10 hours after the bite, the venom of this snake is stronger than the cobra venom 180 times.