Everything you wanted to know about landscape designSeptember 4, 2018
Landscape design is a combination of three components: architecture, botany and philosophical current. Thanks to the landscape design, the external space becomes attractive and organized. A professional designer must comply with architectural standards and at the same time not forget about the aesthetics, geometry and atmosphere of the designed environment.
How did landscape design appear?
The landscape designer profession is relatively new, although the concept itself began to take shape in the Middle Ages. People from time immemorial sought to organize their homes and the area around it. With particular scrupulousness to landscape design were persons of government power: their castles were planted with exotic trees, shrubs, surrounded by sculptures, etc.
In the 17th-19th century, people organizing the space were called “garden and park organizers”, and their specialty was called “landscape art historian”.In the 20th century, the word "designer" was not common. Instead, in the USSR they used the word "designer" and "architect."
In the 21st century, “Germanization” of the Russian language began to occur, which is why words of English and German origin began to appear in the speech of people more and more often. Thus, the profession of "landscape designer".
What is landscape design?
The elements of landscape design are:
Buildings (or their separate parts) - they are considered the “point of reference” around which the space is designed;
Plantings (plant species, geometry of seating, composition, etc.);
Water (artificial lake, pool, fountain, waterfall, etc.);
Paved paths, paths, grounds;
Pavilions, benches, swings, etc .;
Each element on the project has a symbol, color and scale. When designing tracks, their exact length, width and turning radius are taken into account.
Stylization of landscape design
Landscape design, like interior design, has stylistic directions. In this case, there are only three:
Classic. This landscape style can be found in medieval architecture, as well as in buildings built during the Russian Empire.Distinctive features: perfect symmetry, hedges, “majesty”.
Landscape. The landscape, organized in landscape style, is distinguished by naturalness and a large number of green spaces. The landscape style includes park and garden areas. The "highlight" of the style: the chaotic arrangement of plants, a lot of shadow, the atmosphere of "cozy jungle."
Theme. The thematic direction is a style “built” on the basis of an individual order. For example, the territory of a children's park is equipped with cartoons and amusement rides. The sanatorium area is planted with fragrant flowers and forced by sun loungers, artificial fountains. A distinctive feature of the style: the creation of a thematic atmosphere, the challenge of certain emotions.
The project of landscape design consists of plans: topographical, conceptual, dendrological, engineering, planting and lighting. The project, as a rule, employs several people.