Botany is a science that studies?

Botany is a science that studies?

  1. yes studying
  2. botany studies plants, animals, bacteria, and fungi
  3. Botany studies the life of plants, their structure, life activity, habitat conditions, origin and evolutionary development. (The name of this science comes from the Greek word "botane", which means "greens, grass, plant").

    As the science of botany arose and developed in connection with the practical needs of man. With the transition of man to a settled way of life, the wild forms of plants, being unproductive, could not satisfy his requests. This was one of the reasons for the emergence of agriculture.

    The most ancient centers of cultivation of cultivated plants were Egypt, China, India, Babylonia, Central America, where even before our era rice, sorghum, millet, wheat, tea, cotton, maize and others were cultivated for medicinal purposes. The diversity of modern cultural plants is created by man's hard work as a result of the subsequent accumulation of information about the form and properties of plant organisms, their life activity, prevalence, variability, etc.

    Russian scientists made a great contribution to the development of certain sections of botany: the physiologist KA Timiryazev, who studied the process of photosynthesis in a green leaf; cytologist and embryologist SG Navashin, who discovered double fertilization in flowering plants; agrochemist DN Pryanishnikov; geneticist, botanist and geographer NI Vavilov, who substantiated the law of homologous series of hereditary variability and collected a world collection of valuable plants.

    Modern Botany - diversified science, divided into private disciplines (departments):
    Systematics, which classifies plants on the basis of commonness of structure and origin (the task of creating a system in the plant world):
    a) Floristics is part of the systematics that studies the flora - a list of species of some territory (a unit of flora is a species). Since the time of Linnaeus (Swedish scientist) plants have a name and are written in dead Latin: F. - family, I., O.-rod, species.
    b) Botanical geography - studies wild, spontaneous species and spreads them around the ball.

    Morphology is the science of the external structure of plant organs and their modifications (ie methods of comparison and description, from human needs). It is divided into: a) Microscopic morphology. This includes anatomy - studying the structure of tissues and plant organs, embryology and histology. b) Macroscopic (organography). The founder of morphology is IF Goethe about the metamorphosis of plants.
    Phytocenology studies vegetation, that is, it examines the vegetation cover of the Earth, its species composition, structure, dynamics of connections with the environment, patterns of distribution and development of plant communities. (Vegetation is a group of species that evolved in the course of evolution in a certain territory and constitutes a certain landscape).
    The study of the functions of plants: Physiology, the science of the processes occurring in the plant: the patterns of growth, development and vital functions, depending on external conditions; Biochemistry - studies the chemical processes that take place in the plant organism.
    The most important tasks of modern Botany are the study of the structure of plants in unity with the conditions of their life, the study of their sequence to create new varieties, increasing their yield, resistance to disease, lodging, etc. Many plants are able to use complex organic substances such as alkaloids, glycosides, essential oils, vitamins from which they prepare medicines. Their action on the human body is different: some calms the nervous system, others contribute to better digestion, others reduce blood pressure. Man's responsible role in preserving the Earth's green cover in creating cultivar varieties is a source of food products and medicinal substances widely used in medicine and veterinary medicine.

  4. all garbage))))))))))))
  5. virology (virus) Bacteriology (bacteria Cytology (cell structure)
  6. what a science of botany
  7. Botany is the science of plants, a branch of biology. As a harmonious system of knowledge about plants botany was formed by the XVIIXVIII centuries, although many information about plants was known to primitive man, since his life was associated with useful, mainly food, medicinal and poisonous plants.
  8. the science of plants, the biology section.
  9. The living organisms on Earth are divided into four kingdoms: Plants, Animals, Bacteria and Mushrooms. All living organisms are studying biology (from the Greek bios life). It includes a number of sciences - botany, zoology, ecology, genetics, etc. Plants are studying botany (from the Greek botanie plant).

    Botany originated in antiquity (III century BC). And at the beginning of botany, she also studied fungi and bacteria. Bacteria and fungi were isolated in separate kingdoms in the 20th century, when they were able to see with their instruments the huge differences from plants.

    The plant kingdom includes about 350 thousand species.

    Plants are very diverse and occur throughout the globe in various conditions (on land, in water, forests, etc.). All plants have common symptoms:

    motionless way of life,
    the ability of light to form organic substances.

  10. plant
  11. the science of plants, the biology section.
  12. plant
  13. Thanks to everyone.

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