Asthenic syndrome: clinical picture, symptoms and treatment
Asthenic syndrome is a psychopathologicala condition that is manifested by increased fatigue, irritability, weakness, tearfulness, unstable, most often low mood. An asthenic syndrome may arise due to various somatic diseases, craniocerebral trauma, intoxication. Also observed in people suffering from hypertension, progressive paralysis, encephalitis, atherosclerosis of cerebral vessels, etc.
Asthenic syndrome occurs due todepletion of nerve elements, during excessive energy consumption, disruption of intracellular metabolism, lack of nutrition, etc. In general, asthenic syndrome is considered as some adaptive reaction, which is accompanied by a decrease in the usual activity intensity of almost all body systems, with the aim of restoring the already disturbed processes.
Asthenic syndrome: symptoms
Asthenic syndrome manifests itself in increasedfatigue and irritability, combined with a constant desire for any activity, even in a favorable environment designed for recreation. The patient is characterized by intolerance of sharp odors, loud sounds, bright light (hyperesthesia). Sleep disorders, manifested in the form of persistent insomnia, or persistent drowsiness, vegetative disorders, headaches are also often observed in patients. Often they have changes in mental state, depending on the atmospheric pressure: fatigue, irritability, hyperesthesia, weakness when it falls. Asthenic disorders can eventually increase in intensity. In more severe cases, disorders can be accompanied by apathy, passivity, aspontaneity.
Asthenic syndrome: general clinical picture
Causes of asthenic syndromewill affect the overall clinical picture. So, after somatic diseases, emotional-hyper-aesthetic weakness can occur, at which fatigue, hyperesthesia will increase, and unstable mood will be combined with intolerance of even the most insignificant emotional strains. Asthenic disorders after traumatic brain injuries will be characterized by mentalism (involuntary flow of thoughts), unstable mood, irritable weakness, when combined with autonomic disorders and headaches. In the period of progressive hypertonic illness, disorders of asthenic nature manifest themselves in the form of fatigue, combined with an irresistible desire for activity. With atherosclerosis of the brain there will be a pronounced fatigue, the mood will decrease, uncaused tearfulness will arise. Patients with progressive paralysis - a combination of increased fatigue with a slight degree of some stunning.
Based on the complete clinical picture,the diagnosis is established. Specialists should clearly distinguish asthenic syndrome from depressive conditions, which will help in the formulation of a clear and correct diagnosis.
Asthenic syndrome: treatment
Treatment of asthenic syndrome will be directedfirst of all, to eliminate the primary cause of its occurrence. Symptomatic treatment is sure to be a include a special mode (change of environment, freedom from work, the alternation of rest and sleep), physical therapy, rational psychotherapy and therapy with medication (various fortifying agents, there may be drugs such trioksazina, Elenium to reduce irritable weakness. Your doctor may recommend insulin with the subsequent introduction of glucose.The prognosis will depend solely on the nature of the disease with which the occurrence of asthenic disorders is associated in.