A Guide to Family Therapy Techniques
Reframing is used many family therapy approaches including strategic, structural, and experiential. It takes something out of its logical context and places it in another, to help create a different way of looking at the situation or relationship. It is shifting the frame in which the situation is viewed so the meaning is changed.
Much of the problematic behavior in families usually become entrenched and so re-framing reinterprets some problem behaviours. The goal is to give new meaning to behaviors, and in so doing, produce new behaviors that match the new interpretation.
A change in meaning could have a positive impact on relationships in the family. For example, a wife complains that her husband is not spending as much time as he used to with the family because of his work. The therapist could offer this reframe, "Can you think of the situation as your husband loving his family so much that he is ensuring that they are well provided for?"
Consequently, the technique helps the wife and other family members to view problem behaviors in a new light which can lead to solutions. The facilitator in video below uses several other examples to show how. reframing can be used to get a new perspective on situations.